Perkins et al.
Twitter has also been used to document sexual risk behaviors and disseminate sexual health information. This review has not registered a protocol.
For people who use a single SNS, Facebook is the platform of choice; however, one half of adults online use multiple social media sites including Instagram, Pinterest, and Twitter [ 3 ]. Whitely et al. The literature on app use among MSM also highlights opportunities for HIV testing [ 49 ] and the feasibility and acceptability of app-based recruitment and intervention [ 424350 ].
Social network and hiv risk behaviors in female sex workers: a systematic review
As such, our review includes mainstream SNS e. Young et al.
InRalph et al. In this review, we first provide an overview of important findings on the association between online social networking and sexual risk and protective behaviors.
Lorage montréal interested in the association between mainstream SNS and sexual risk behavior should consider addressing gaps in the literature with an eye toward findings that will generalize across sites. While several studies have demonstrated a positive association between online partner-seeking and greater sexual risk behaviors among MSM [ 31 - 33 ], others have found no relationship between these variables [ 3435 ].
Landovitz et al. Each question in the critical appraisal was scored as esx or insufficient quality score 0medium quality score 1or sufficient quality score 2.
Among MSM using apps to meet sexual partners, the popularity and accessibility of these apps may foster opportunities to meet many more sexual partners than traditional internet platforms or in-person settings, such as bars and clubs. Network ties within groups increased over time and were associated with more requests for home-based HIV test kits and decreased sexual risk behavior among those in the intervention [ 54 ].
Two independent reviewers HDP and KH screened all articles based on the title and abstract to assess for applicability; sociaal between reviewers were resolved by third party adjudication IWH. Spruce grove craigslist is an important point to remember for any clinician who wishes to develop SNS-based sexual health interventions: technology should not necessarily replace in-person services.
After reviewing the full text publication 37 U. The multi-faceted synthesis method of meta-study was used to integrate methods and findings into descriptive summaries [ 43 ]. Google Scholar was also searched. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. The two independent reviewers examined the abstracts of the remaining articles based on the inclusion criteria.
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Rothenberg et al. In the last decade, the incidence of HIV has decreased in several developed countries [ 34 ]. The literature has focused primarily on youth, as well as gay, bisexual and other men who have sex socual men hereafter MSMtwo groups at disproportionate risk for acquiring sexually transmitted infections STIs [ 67 ]. These findings suggest that gay, bisexual and other MSM who have a history of, or higher propensity for, engaging in sexual risk behaviors may find SNS an efficient way to whats a whip it partners with whom they can engage in these activities.
Participants were also more likely to use gay dating sites to meet people with whom to hook-up sx to Grindr. While these data indicate the growing popularity of SNS across the population as a whole, young people between the ages of are the heaviest SNS users [ 4 ]. These data suggest both naked utah women popularity and widespread integration of SNS in the daily lives of Americans.
To date, Facebook, Myspace and Twitter have been the primary SNS that have networkinng examined in relation to sexual risk behaviors. Netwoeking and Jordan [ 11 ] found that college students ased to view sexually suggestive Facebook photos reported the perception that larger percentages of their peers had unprotected sexual intercourse and sex with strangers and were more likely to report willingness to engage in these behaviors themselves, compared to those who did not view sexually suggestive photos.
For purposes of this review, we will define SNS as platforms that allow users to do the following: 1 construct metworking within a bounded system; 2 articulate a list of other users with whom they share a tie; and 3 view and traverse their list of connections and connections made by others within the system. This research underscores the need to further evaluate whether associations between SNS and sexual risk behaviors are dictated baccara pattaya selection e.
Compared to a control group, those who received the intervention had greater condom use over a 2-month but not a 6-month period. Clinicians should also clearly communicate the potential limitations of using SNS technologies to their clients and patients prior to using SNS in sexual risk reduction interventions, as well as follow the laws and regulations of the Health Insurance Portability and ability Act HIPAAparticularly when networkinf individuals.
Finally, when working with youth and MSM, clinicians should consider initiating conversations about the role of SNS use in sexual partner seeking. In the coming years, it is certain that new SNS will emerge and existing sites may offer varied functionality that may promote or deter sexual risk behaviors of users. Sullivan, Grey and Rosser latvia escort 58 ] highlight the need for tailored, technology-based HIV-prevention for MSM that has varied functionality and combines both technology-delivered components with in-person components based on the needs of the target population.
One of the limitations of these studies is that they do not take into the variety and types of online venues in which MSM meet their partners, thereby grouping SNS with other types of platforms, such as messageboards and erotic massage in slc backpage. Based on the study de, specific CASP critical appraisal forms were used.
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Next, we offer practical advice for clinicians and researchers who may men seeking men tumblr interested in discussing online social networking with patients, exploring health outcomes associated with online social networking, and incorporating these platforms into clinical practice or future research studies. Quality scores were calculated from the individual items in the checklists.
This review provides an overview of recent research on the relationship between online social networking and sexual risk and protective behaviors with a focus on use of social networking sites SNS among young people and populations at high risk for sexually transmitted infections STIs. Bauermeister et al.